The Autorité des Marchés Financiers (AMF) has published a detailed analysis of the activity of market participants engaged in high-frequency trading (HFT) on CAC 40 stocks, with focus on their presence in the order book, how they provide and consume liquidity and how their behaviour changes during periods of intense stress.
Over the last few years, the equity markets underwent periods of high volatility such as at the beginning of 2016, owing to fears on the Chinese economy, and in June of the same year, amid a climate of uncertainty brought about by the Brexit referendum. Such market conditions can affect liquidity: as overall amounts traded rise, so does the level of risk facing market-makers, forcing a proportionate reduction in their presence in the order book. In order to analyse this trend, the AMF studied the activity of the leading operators engaged in HFT, who represent a large proportion of the market-making business on liquid Euronext Paris stocks.
The study was limited to Euronext Paris CAC 40 stocks and therefore only covers this proportion of HFTs' behaviour. The AMF conducted detailed analysis of the HFT activity over a nine-month period from November 2015 to July 2016, during which there were considerable swings in market volatility. The analysis focused firstly on the orders placed by HFTs and the liquidity provided in the order book, then on their transactions and how much liquidity they effectively provide and consume.
The main findings were as follows:
About the AMF
The AMF is an independent public authority responsible for ensuring that savings invested in financial products are protected, providing investors with adequate information and supervising the orderly operation of markets. Visit our website www.amf-france.org.
AMF Communication Directorate - Christèle Fradin - Tél : +33 (0)1 53 45 60 29 ou +33 (0)1 53 45 60 28