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15 October 2021

Obtaining a DASP registration/optional licensing

Do you want to know in which cases registration with the AMF as a Digital Asset Service Provider (DASP) is mandatory? To obtain an optional licensing? Or to know which rules apply to services regarding digital assets or tokens from an initial coin offering (ICO)? You will find all the information on the subject here, together with the list of registered DASPs and the list of DASPs licensed by the AMF.

Summary

    Focus on digital asset services

    An actor may be considered a Digital Asset Service Provider (DASP) if it provides at least one of the following digital asset services, as mentioned in Article L. 54-10-2 of the Monetary and Financial Code:

    • custody of digital assets on behalf of a client;
    • the service of buying or selling digital assets for legal tender;
    • the service of exchanging digital assets for other digital assets;
    • the reception and transmission of orders for digital assets, meaning the act of receiving and transmitting buy or sell orders for digital assets on behalf of a client;
    • the management of digital asset portfolios, meaning the act of managing, on a discretionary, client-by-client basis, portfolios that include one or more digital assets under a mandate given by a client;
    • advice to investors in digital assets, which means giving personalised recommendations to a third party, either at their request or on the initiative of the service provider providing the advice, concerning one or more digital assets;
    • digital asset underwriting, defined as the act of purchasing digital assets directly from a digital asset issuer, with a view to subsequently selling them;
    • the guaranteed placement of digital assets, which consists in searching for buyers on behalf of a digital asset issuer and guaranteeing them a minimum amount of purchases by undertaking to buy the digital assets not placed;
    • the non-guaranteed placement of digital assets, meaning the act of searching for buyers on behalf of a digital asset issuer without guaranteeing them an amount of purchases.
    • the operation of a trading platform for digital assets. This concerns the management of one or more digital asset trading platforms, within which multiple buying and selling interests expressed by third parties for digital assets in exchange for other digital assets or a currency that is legal tender can interact in such a way as to result in the conclusion of contracts.

    In which cases is registration with the AMF mandatory? 

    Mandatory registration for four services

    If you want to provide the following services in France:

    • digital asset custody; and/or
    • buying or selling digital assets in a currency that is legal tender; and/or
    • exchanging digital assets for other digital assets; and/or
    • operation of a trading platform for digital assets;

    you shall mandatorily register first with the AMF. 

    This obligation applies to DASPs established in France but also outside France, under the conditions specified by AMF Position DOC 2020-07 (see Read More).

    For the first two services listed above, the AMF, in conjunction with the Autorité de Contrôle Prudentiel et de Résolution (ACPR), checks that you comply with the regulations on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT).

    In all cases, the AMF checks the good repute and competence of the managers and beneficial owners of your organisation and seeks clearance from the ACPR.

    It is important to remember that, regardless of the extent of the checks carried out by the AMF and the ACPR at the time of registration, as amended by Executive Order No. 2020-1544 of 9 December 2020 (see Read More), DASPs must fulfil all obligations regarding anti-money laundering, combating the financing of terrorism and asset freezing (AML/CFT).

    Compiling your registration application

    The list of items required to compile your registration application can be found in the following texts:

    To guide you in compiling this application, the AMF staff have produced forms specifying the required information and documents according to the planned activity and the nature of the approvals that you are applying for (see below).  

    How to submit your registration application

    You would like to submit a registration application. Before submitting your application, discussions may be held with the AMF and ACPR staff to confirm with you the legal classification of the activities performed and answer your questions.

    Before submitting an application, you must make sure that your project is precisely defined. In case of doubt regarding the maturity of your project, you can question the Fintech, Innovation and Competitiveness team of the AMF by means of the contact form.

    The application may be submitted when all the items are ready and all the required annexes and forms have been filled in. Your application should contain a detailed narrative description of the digital-asset services for which you want to obtain registration.

    A significant change after submission of your application may require that it be re-examined completely by the authorities and therefore be considered as the submission of a new application: in that case the regulatory deadlines start to run upon receiving the complete amended application.

    The AMF is the one-stop shop to which the registration application should be submitted. During the examination of your application, the AMF is your primary correspondent. Your AML/CFT system is analysed more specifically by the ACPR's dedicated team. Application supervisors from the two authorities are appointed to examine your application.

    After submitting your application, one or more meetings/conference calls concerning the presentation of your project and of your AML/CFT system are organised by the AMF and ACPR.

    If necessary, you may be requested to follow training concerning the money laundering and terrorist financing risks related to digital-asset services.

    Registration application forms

    To submit your registration application, you must fill in the following four forms, which specify the required information and documents:

    • AMF DASP Form;
    • AMF DASP Executive Manager Form;
    • AMF DASP Significant Shareholders Form;
    • AMF DASP Programme of operations.

    The registration application and its constituent parts shall be sent by email to the AMF at the following address: psan [at] amf-france.org.

    For bulky documents, the AMF staff could open an account for you on the AMF's encrypted email service.

    How to obtain an optional licensing from the AMF? 

    If you provide one or more digital asset services and if your company is established in France, you may request that it be licensed by the AMF. In that case, you must comply with certain requirements in terms of organisation, financial resources and business conduct. The AMF publishes a list of licensed DASPs on its website.

    Compiling your licensing application

    The list of items required to compile your licensing application can be found in the following texts:

    How to submit your application

    You would like to submit licensing application. Before submitting your application, discussions may be held with the AMF staff to answer your questions.

    Before submitting an application, you must make sure that your project is precisely defined. In case of doubt regarding the maturity of your project, you can question the Fintech, Innovation and Competitiveness team of the AMF by means of the contact form.

    The application may be submitted when all parts of the licensing application are ready and all the required annexes and forms have been filled in. Your application should contain a detailed narrative description of the digital-asset services for which you want to obtain licensing.

    A significant change after submission of your application may require that it be re-examined completely by the authorities and therefore be considered as the submission of a new application: in that case the regulatory deadlines start to run upon receiving the complete amended application.

    The AMF is the one-stop shop to which the licensing application should be submitted. The AMF appoints an application supervisor who is your key contact person.

    After you submit your application, one or more meetings/conference calls are organised by the AMF.

    If necessary, you may be requested to follow training concerning, in particular, the money laundering and terrorist financing risks related to digital-asset services.

    Optional licensing application forms

    To submit your application, you must fill in the following four forms, which specify the information and documents required for the compilation of your approval application:

    • AMF DASP Form
    • AMF DASP Executive Manager Form
    • AMF DASP Significant Shareholders Form
    • AMF DASP Programme of operations

    The licensing application and its constituent parts shall be sent by email to the AMF at the following address: psan [at] amf-france.org.

    For bulky documents, the AMF staff could open an account for you on the AMF's encrypted email service.

    The rules to be complied with, in brief 

    Rules on financial resources and organisation 

    The licensed DASP must notably comply with the following conditions:

    • either have professional indemnity insurance or a minimum amount of own funds;
    • at least have one executive manager;
    • have sufficient human and technical resources;
    • have resilient IT systems;
    • have an internal control system;
    • have a claims handling procedure;
    • have an organisation enabling it to avoid conflicts of interest;
    • have procedures for the prevention of money laundering and the financing of terrorism.

    Conduct of business rules 

    The licensed DASP must:

    • communicate clear information to clients;
    • sign a contract with their client;
    • comply with the specific requirements for the services provided.

    List of DASPs registered with the AMF

    You will find hereunder the list of digital asset service providers (DASPs) registered with the AMF, after clearance by the ACPR, pursuant to Article L. 54-10-3 of the Monetary and Financial Code.

    DASPs must be registered with the AMF to provide crypto-asset custody services (i.e. custody of your private keys by a digital asset service provider and its authority to use them on your behalf), the service of buying/selling crypto-assets in a currency that is legal tender, the service of exchanging digital assets for other digital assets, and the service of operating a trading platform for digital assets. This registration assumes that the AMF has carried out a number of checks to ensure:

    • the good repute and competence of the managers and beneficial owners;
    • compliance by the DASP with the regulations on combating money laundering and terrorist financing (only for the services of crypto-asset custody and buying/selling crypto-assets in a currency that is legal tender).
    AMF Registration No.DASP nameDate of registrationService registeredTrade and Companies Register No.
    E2020-001COINHOUSE SAS

    17/03/2020

    (enregistrement)

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    815 254 545

    30/03/2021

    (extension)
    Trading of digital assets for other digital assets
    E2020-002COINHOUSE CUSTODY SERVICES SAS17/03/2020Digital assets custody843 699 455
    E2020-003LGO EUROPE SAS

    29/09/2020

    (registration)

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    844 846 683

    28/09/2021

    (extension)

    Exchange of digital assets for other digital assets
    E2020-004STACKINSAT SAS

    29/09/2020

    (registration)

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender880 242 649

    20/07/2021

    (extension)
    Digital assets custody
    E2020-005SHEELDMARKET SAS

    13/10/2020

    (registration)

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    878 929 405

    08/06/2021

    (extension)

    Exchange of digital assets for other digital assets

    Digital asset trading platform
    E2020-006BITPANDA GMBH

    18/12/2020

    (registration)

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    FN 423018 k

    (Vienna, Austria)

    20/07/2021

    (extension)
    Exchange of digital assets for other digital assets
    E2020-007SATOSHI DEV SAS / COMPTOIR DES CYBERMONNAIES18/12/2020

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    Trading of digital assets for other digital assets
    842 440 596
    E2021-008EMMANUEL MANAGEMENT SAS16/02/2021Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender852 990 639
    E2021-009BYKEP SAS (formerly, KEPLERK BLOCKCHAIN SAS)18/02/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender (the settlement of transactions by means of electronic money / prepaid cards not being authorized)
    834 983 330
    E2021-010HEXADIGITAL SAS / BITCOIN AVENUE02/03/2021

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    Trading of digital assets for other digital assets
    841 746 308
    E2021-011PAYMIUM SAS30/03/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    533 264 800
    E2021-012DIGITAL EXCHANGE SAS / ZEBITEX30/03/2021Digital assets custody882 241 573
    27/09/2021Digital asset trading platform
    E2021-013DIGITAL BROKER SAS / ZEBITCOIN30/03/2021Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender882 040 314
    E2021-014LEONOD SARL13/04/2021Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender849 566 559
    E2021-0152525 VENTURES B.V. / LITEBIT11/05/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    Trading of digital assets for other digital assets

    63661438

    (Rotterdam, Netherlands)
    E2021-016JUST MINING SAS11/05/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    Trading of digital assets for other digital assets
    829 840 735
    E2021-017DESKOIN SAS11/05/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    Trading of digital assets for other digital assets
    842 129 785
    E2021-018KAMIX SAS08/06/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender
    849 505 979
    E2021-019FLOWDESK SAS22/06/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    Exchange of digital assets for other digital assets
    883 604 647
    E2021-020TRAKX SAS20/07/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender

    Exchange of digital assets for other digital assets

    Digital asset trading platform

    850 626 078
    E2021-021DUX SAS / DUX RESERVE20/07/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Purchase/sale of digital assets for legal tender
    892 044 470
    E2021-022BLOCKCHAIN PROCESS SECURITY SAS / FEEL MINING20/07/2021

    Digital assets custody

    Exchange of digital assets for other digital assets
    835 275 090
    E2021-023CAISSE DES DEPOTS ET CONSIGNATIONS28/09/2021

    Digital assets custody

    180 020 026

    List of DASPs licensed by the AMF

    As yet, no DASP has been licensed by the AMF.

    Markets Directorate
    psan [at] amf-france.org